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Casino token also known as casino or gaming chipschecksor cheques are small discs used in lieu of currency in casinos. Colored metal, injection-molded plastic or compression molded clay tokens of various denominations are used primarily in table games, as opposed to metal token coinscsaino primarily in slot machines.
Casino tokens are also widely used as play money in casual or tournament games. Plaques differ from chips in that they are larger, usually rectangular in shape and contain serial numbers. Money is exchanged for las vegas hotel & casino in a casino at the casino cage, at the gaming tables, or at a cashier station.
The tokens are interchangeable with money at the casino. They generally have no value outside of the casino, but certain businesses such as taxis or waiters—especially for tips in gambling towns may honor them informally. Tokens are employed for several reasons. Because of the uniform size, shape, and patterns of stacks of chips, they are easier to tally compared to currency. This attribute also enables the pit boss or security to quickly verify the amount being paid, reducing the check that a dealer might incorrectly pay a customer.
The uniform weight of the casino's official tokens allows them to weigh great stacks or heaps of chips rather than tally them. Though aids such as chip trays are far more common. Furthermore, it is observed that consumers gamble more freely with replacement currencies than with cash. Lastly, the chips are considered to be an integral part of the casino environment, and replacing them with some alternate currency chequd be unpopular.
Many casinos have eliminated the use of metal tokens and coins in their slot machines, in favor of paper receipts or pre-paid cards, which, while requiring heavy infrastructure costs to install, eliminate manufacturer coin handling expenses, jamming problems encountered in machines which took coins or tokens and can allow more game-specific technology in the space of a machine which would usually be dedicated to coin mechanisms. Most casinos using receipts have check machines at which customers may redeem receipts, eliminating the need for coin counting windows and decreasing labor costs.
Casino chip collecting manufactyrer a part of numismaticsmore specifically as specialized exonumia collecting. Several manufacturee sell custom-made sets of chips and one or manufatcurer decks of cards stamped with the name of the casino on them. Each set is contained in a small briefcase or box.
The ancestors of the modern casino token were the counters used casin keep score in the card games Ombre and Quadrille. InFrench Quadrille cheqie contained a number of different counters, known as jetonsfiches and mils. Unlike modern poker chips, they were colored differently only to determine player ownership for purposes of settling payments at the end of the game, with different denominations differentiated by different shapes that each counter type had.
In the early history of Poker during the 19th century, players seemed to use any small valuable object imaginable. Early poker players sometimes used jagged gold pieces, gold nuggets, gold dust, or coins as well as "chips" primarily made of ivory, bone, wood, sienna hotel casino reno, and a composition made from clay and shellac. Several companies between the s and the late s made clay composition poker chips.
There were over designs from which to choose. Most chips were white, red, blue, and yellow, but they could be made in almost any color desired. The vast majority of authentic casino chips are "clay" chips but can be more accurately described as compression molded chips. Modern clay chips are a composition of materials more durable than clay alone. At least some percentage of the chips is of an earthen material such as sand, chalk, and clay similar to that found in cat litter. The process used to make these chips is a trade secretand varies slightly by manufacturer, most being relatively expensive and time-consuming per chip.
The edge spots, or inserts, are not painted on; to achieve this effect, this area of the clay is removed and then replaced with clay of a different color; this can silver legacy hotel casino reno done to each chip individually or a strip can be taken out of a cylindrical block of material and replaced manufacturer cheque the alternate color manufacturrer the block is cut into chips.
The printed graphics on clay chips is called an inlay. Inlays are typically made of paper and are then clad with a plastic film applied to the chip prior to the compression molding process. During the molding process the inlay becomes permanently fastened to cazino chip and can not be removed from the chip without destroying the inlay. Ceramic chips were introduced in the mid s as alternative to clay chips, and are also used in casinos, as well as being readily available to the home market.
The ability to print lettering and graphics on the entire surface of the chip, instead cheque just the inlay, made them popular. Ceramic chips are sometimes also referred to as clay or clay composite, but they are in fact an injection-molded chip made with a special plastic or resin formula that approximates the feel and sound of ceramic or porcelain. There are less expensive chips for the home market, made from various forms of plastic and plastic casino check manufacturer cheque metal slugs as well.
There is no universally standardized color scheme for poker chip values, and schemes not only vary nationally and regionally, but even from venue to venue, or by event type within a single venue. Chip colors found in home sets typically include red, white, blue, and sometimes green and black; however, more recently a wide assortment of colors have become readily casino, particularly in lower-cost ABS plastic chips. Common additional colors are pink, purple, casino check manufacturer cheque, chevk, orange, and grey.
Newer designs in home chips include three-color designs where a three-step molding process creates a chip with unique base, secondary, and detail colors. In casinos, uniform chip colors and sizes are sometimes specified by the local gaming control board for consistency. For example, regulations casino New Jersey  and Illinois  specify similar uniform colors. All US states where gambling is legal require that casino chips have a unique combination of edge spots for identification, the name and location of the casino and the chip's value, how to be slot machines any, impressed, printed, or molded onto the obverse and reverse of the token.
In 19th-century America, there was enough of a tradition of using blue chips for higher values that "blue chevk in noun and adjective senses signaling high-value chips and high-value property are attested since andrespectively.
Because eight is considered a lucky number in Chinese culture, cheqeu denominated 8, 88, and e. They will sometimes contain an image of the animal associated with the year and are issued in a variety of colors. Low-denomination yellow chips vary in value: Such chips are often yellow manufacturr orange. Casinos often use gaming plaques for these denominations: These plaques are about the size of a playing card, and must be marked with serial numbers.
Each casino has a unique set of chips, even if the casino is part of a greater company. This distinguishes a casino's chips from others, since each chip and token on the gaming floor has to be backed up with the appropriate amount of cash. In addition, with the exception of Nevada, casinos are not permitted to honor another casino's chips. The security features of manufacturer cheque chips are numerous.
Artwork is of a very high resolution or of photographic quality. Custom color combinations on the chip edge edge spots are usually distinctive to a particular casino. UV markings can be made on the inlay. Also, makers' marks are difficult to reproduce. Also being used by one manufacturer, Palm Gaming, is an audible taggant incorporated into casino check ceramic chip blank. A simple handheld reader will beep if the gaming chip is authentic.
Palm Gaming is even manufacturing custom made molds for their ceramic gaming chips- adding yet another high level of security to its gaming chip. Counterfeit chips are rare. High levels of surveillance, along with staff familiarity with chip design and coloring, make passing fake chips difficult. Casinos, though, are prepared for this situation.
All states require that casinos have a set of chips in reserve with alternate markings, [ citation needed ] though they may not be required to have exactly the same number of reserve manufacturwr as they do on the floor. Casino chips used in tournaments are usually much cheaper and of much simpler design.
Because the chips have no cash value, usually chips are designed with a single color usually differing in shade or tone from the version on the casino floora smaller breadth, and a basic mark on the interior to casinp denominations; however, at certain events such as the World Series of Poker or other televised pokerchips approach quality levels of chips on the floor. Several casinos, such as the Hard Rock Hotel cheque Casino in Las Vegas, issue "limited edition" varied-designed chips, commemorating various events, though retaining a common color scheme.
This encourages customers to keep them for souvenirs, at a profit to the casino. In certain casinos, such as the Wynn and Encore Casinos in Las Vegas, chips are embedded with RFID tags to help casinos keep better track of them, determine gamblers' average bet sizes, and to make them harder for counterfeiters to casino dealer cover letter. However, gambling lucky days technique is costly and considered by many to be unnecessary to profit.
Also, this technology provides minimal benefits in games with layouts that do not provide gamblers with their own designated betting areas, such as craps. The first game show to use them, Duelhad a variation in which the contestants answer questions using oversized casino tokens.
The World Series of Poker at one time actually used its casino tokens for the poker tournaments, but in more recent years has had special Paulson WSOP clay sets made for the tournaments. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia.
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